(conducted with the 2002 edition of the Second Step program)
Less Adult Conflict Intervention, Improved Social Competence
Frey, K. S., Nolen, S. B., Edstrom, L. V., & Hirschstein, M. K. (2005). Effects of a school-based social-emotional competence program: Linking children’s goals, attributions, and behavior. Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology, 26, 171–200.
A study examined the effects of the Second Step program on 1,253 second- through fourth-grade children. When compared to children in a control group, those who participated in the Second Step program showed greater improvement in teacher ratings of their social competence, were less aggressive, and were more likely to choose positive goals.
Read more about this study.